The knee is the largest joint in the human body and is vulnerable to injury, including sports injury, and is susceptible to osteoarthritis.
The highly skilled orthopedic surgeons affiliated with Texas Orthopedic Hospital, many of whom treat only knees, treat a broad range of knee-related injuries and conditions, including:
- Cartilage repair
- Ligament injuries (ACL, MCL, PCL and LCL)
- Meniscus injuries
- Overuse injury
- Tendon injuries
Knee Surgeries and Treatments
Depending on the condition being treated, our affiliated surgeons may employ open-incision or minimally invasive arthroscopic surgical procedures, including:
Meniscus refers to one of two crescent-shaped cartilages in the knee. Tears of the meniscus are common and can often cause knee problems. While most meniscus tears require removal of the torn tissue (partial meniscectomy), some tear patterns are responsive to repair.
The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is a ligament in the center of the knee. If the ligament is torn, it does not heal and cannot be repaired. There are many techniques of surgical reconstruction, including the use of the patient’s own tissue or tissue from a tissue bank.
Articular Cartilage Injuries
Articular cartilage is the smooth surface that lines the end of the bones of the knee. If damage occurs from chronic overuse, surgical intervention may be required. Options vary from arthroscopic debridement to osteoarticular transplantation (OATs).
The synovium is soft tissue that lines the inside of the knee. Inflammation of this lining is called synovitis, and may require knee arthroscopy to resolve symptoms.
Collateral Ligament Tears
The knee has two collateral ligaments. The Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) is on the inside of the knee, and the Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) is on the outside of the knee. Tears to these ligaments may require open-incision surgery or reconstruction.
Patella (kneecap) Dislocations
When the patella dislocates, ligaments can stretch or tear, or the cartilage of the femur or patella can be chipped off. Surgical options include arthroscopic or open surgery to clean, realign, repair or reconstruct the soft tissues of the knee. Tibial tubercle osteotomy is a re-alignment procedure that involves moving the bony attachment of the patellar tendon.
Multi-ligament Knee Injuries (Knee Dislocations)
If two or more ligaments of the knee are completely torn, it is classified as a knee dislocation. These are complex injuries that often require initial evaluation in an emergency room. One or more surgical procedures may be required to repair or reconstruct the damaged ligaments.
Tendon Ruptures (Patella and Quadriceps)
The patellar tendon or quadriceps tendon can tear from high-energy sports injuries or traumatic falls. A rupture of either tendon usually requires surgical repair.
Cartilage or other substances sometimes break off inside the knee joint and become “loose bodies,” usually necessitating surgical removal through arthroscopy.
The four bones of the knee can all be injured and break. Fractures of the distal femur (end of the thigh bone), proximal tibia (top of the shin bone), proximal fibula and patella (knee cap) may require surgery to stabilize the area as it heals.
Regardless of your specific knee condition, Texas Orthopedic Hospital has you covered. Our affiliated surgeons, many of whom treat only knees, perform thousands of knee surgeries every year. Texas Orthopedic Hospital consistently ranks in the Top 5% of hospitals in the nation for patient satisfaction, as measured by Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS). We've been named one of Healthgrades' Americas 100 Best Hospitals for Orthopedic Surgery™ and are consistently recognized for ensuring patient safety.
Awards & Recognition
- Top 5% in the Nation as measured by Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS)
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
- Hospital Compare program five-star rating (2016-2017) in both quality and service
- Best Specialty
- America’s 100 Best Hospitals for Joint Replacement™ (2016-2017)
- Patient Safety
- Patient Safety Excellence Award™ (2013-2018)
- Top 5% in the Nation for Patient Safety (2013-2017)
- Top 10% in the Nation for Patient Safety (2013-2017)
Becker's Hospital Review
- 100 Hospitals with Great Orthopedic Programs